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Title:World Iodine Deficiency Day - 2020 | Narayana Medical College, Nellore | Dr. K V Harshita
Duration:04:30
Viewed:348
Published:20-10-2020
Source:Youtube

Dr.K V Harshita, Postgraduate Student, Department of General Medicine, Narayana Medical College, Nellore speaks on the occasion of World Iodine Deficiency day 2020.

World Iodine Deficiency Day
World health organization (WHO) conducted a survey that concluded that 54 countries in the world are iodine deficient and hence 1/3 of the total world’s population has the risk of being affected by iodine deficiency. To spread awareness about this fact, Global Iodine Deficiency Disorder Prevention Day or World Iodine Deficiency day is observed on 21st October every year. The World Iodine Deficiency day aims to highlight the perils of less iodine in food and create awareness among the masses. Since prevention is better than cure, spreading the benefits of iodine helps people to eat right and adapt to a healthy lifestyle.

The objectives of World Iodine Deficiency Day are
• To teach and explain the importance of iodine in the human body.
• To explain the symptoms and preventive measures for each iodine deficiency disorder.
• To identify iodine-rich foods and motivate people to add them to their diet.
• To clarify people’s doubts regarding this deficiency.
• To spread awareness by distributing pamphlets and showing audiovisuals on iodine-rich food items.

The goal of observing Iodine Deficiency Day is to grab the attention of people and make them build a healthy future by adding an adequate amount of iodine in their daily diet.
Benefits of Iodine

Carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals, water, and fibre are needed by our body in a balanced amount so that it can function properly. The vitamins and minerals are commonly known as micronutrients and when these are consumed in less quantity, they can cause various deficiency diseases. Iodine is one such mineral that is mandatory for the production of thyroid hormones namely T3 and T4. Iodine helps in

1. Regulating thyroid hormone production
2. Ensuring a balanced metabolic rate
3. Protein metabolism
4. Bone growth and
5. Brain development

What are Iodine Deficiency Disorders?
When iodine levels in the body are less than expected, iodine deficiency disorders can occur. Some of the most common IDD are:
1. Goiter
2. Neuromuscular weakness
3. Hypothyroidism
4. Hearing impairment
5. Speech impairment
6. Spasticity
7. Low intelligence levels
8. Vision impairment
9. Cretinism etc.

Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can affect the child growing in the womb as well.

How to Prevent IDD?
Iodine is not produced inside the body. Hence, it needs to be consumed in the form of daily food and water supplements. A full-grown adult needs 150 microgram/day of iodine in the body for the brain and body to function properly. Iodized salt, milk, bread curd, seafood, etc. are rich in iodine and hence need to be a part of a daily diet. The most common ingredient in cooking- salt can be replaced with iodized salt to get the daily dose of iodine.
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